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Carding Machines

The textile industry is indeed an important industry for mankind. It involves the conversion of fibers into textiles. Basically, textile processing includes different operations that are necessary in converting fibers into yarn, then into fabric, then finally into textile. Although cotton is the most common natural fiber used in the textile industry, other similar fibers are used as well.

Textile manufacturing is divided into two major stages which include spinning and finishing. In the spinning stage, various fabric forming stages are employed in producing the fabric. Correspondingly, in the finishing stage, there are also a number of complex processes, such as coloration and bleaching.

These different processes are important in producing a wide range of textile products. In the spinning stage, one of the important processes is carding. Carding is the process of breaking up unorganized clumps of fiber. Carding is essential because fibers have to be broken up individually before further processes can be done unto it. Moreover, carding also includes the aligning of individual fibers in order for these fibers to be parallel with each other. Furthermore, carding can also be done in creating blends of different fibers or colors.

While carding is traditionally done by hand, along with the industrial revolution, carding machines have been developed for the fast and efficient carding process. Carding machines are most commonly known as cards. The earlier models and designs of commercial cards consist of rollers that are designed to remove contaminants from the wool. There are several types of machines used for carding.

Some of the most common types of cards include the hand cards, the drum carder, and the cottage and commercial carding machines. Hand cards are actually square or rectangular paddles which range in a variety of sizes such as 2 x 2 inches and 4 x 8 inches.

On the other hand, the drum carders are hand-cranked carders, or electric motor powered carders. These carders are considered the simplest carders. The basic configuration of drum carders is that of two rollers or drums which are covered with card clothing. A belt-or-chain-drive connects the two rollers together.

Finally, the cottage and commercial carding machines typically have a single large drum. Unlike the drum carders, these carding machines do not store fiber in the card cloth, but passes the fiber throughout the workings of the carder instead.
Today, there are a number of carding machines in various designs and models that are available in the market.